Pain in or around the testicles is one of the most uncomfortable medical conditions any man could experience. Unfortunately, there are a number of potential causes of testicular discomfort –– some of which are extremely serious and potentially life-threatening. Furthermore, testicular pain and frequent urination often indicates some type of infection –– in many cases, an STD.
What Causes Testicular Pain?
Getting hit in the groin will not only cause immediate acute pain, but can also lead to lingering pain in the testicles. In addition, men who recently had a vasectomy or experienced an inguinal hernia will also likely experience testicular discomfort.
Testicular torsions occur when the testicles become twisted around the spermatic cord, causing a halt in blood flow. Torsions cause a tremendous amount of pain, which can lead to severe nausea and vomiting in some instances. Torsions are a very serious matter because surgery is required immediately. If a torsion isn’t treated quickly, necrosis can set in and the individual may lose one or both testicles.
Hydroceles and Spermatoceles
Hydroceles are small collections of fluid that build up in between layers of testicular sacs. Similarly, spermatoceles are benign cysts that form on the back of the testicles. Both can cause pain and swelling.
Rarely do cancerous tumors cause testicular pain, but it is possible.
Lower Back, Abdominal, and Testicular Pain
Some men who develop epididymitis or who experience an inguinal hernia may feel pain in multiple areas on their body, such as the lower back or the abdomen. Epididymitis is a condition that regularly appears as a result of gonorrhea and/or chlamydia.
What STDs Cause Testicle Pain?
STDs tend not to directly cause pain in the testicles, however, both chlamydia and gonorrhea can contribute to the development of epididymitis and orchitis. Both involve the inflammation of the epididymis and subsequent testicular discomfort.